张家港
全国免费咨询热线
请选择城市
首页 > 高考辅导 > 学习经验 > 高考英语语法虚拟语气专题汇总,建议收藏!

高考英语语法虚拟语气专题汇总,建议收藏!

2019-03-14 15:53:22 文章来源:张家港晓教育 作者:张家港晓教育 浏览量:148

  一、虚拟语气谓语动词的几种表现形式

  1. 用在虚拟条件句中

  虚拟条件句及其主句的谓语形式可归纳如下:

  例1:I would certainly go if I had the time.

  例2:How nice it would be if you could stay a bit longer.

  例3:She would have come if we had invited her.

  注:如果条件从句中包含有were, had, should或could,有时可把if省略掉,但这时要把were, had, should或could放在主语前面(这种结构在口语中较少使用)。

  例如:

  1)Had we made adequate preparations, we might have succeeded.

  Had we made = If we had made

  2)Were there no gravity, there would be no air around us.

  3)Should it rain tomorrow, the meeting would be put off.

  2. 用在含蓄条件句中

  句子中,假设的情况不用条件从句表示出来,而是用一个介词短语来表示,句子的谓语形式也可遵循上表的规则。

  这种用法也常见于or, or else, otherwise和but后面的分句中。

  例如:

  1)Without music, the world would be a dull place.

  2)But for your help, we would have failed.

  3)She would have gone with us, but she didn’t have time.

  4)He must have had an accident, or he would have been here then.

  3.用在错综时间条件句中

  有时候,条件从句表示的动作和主句表示的动作发生的时间并不一致,这时,谓语动词的形式要根据表示的时间来调整,这种句子可称作错综时间条件句。

  例如:

  1)If you hadn’t watched television so late, you wouldn’t be so sleepy now.

  此句为时间交错的虚拟条件句,从句表示与过去事实相反的假设,主句则假设与现在情况相反

  2)If you were in better health, we would have allowed you to join them in the work.

  从句表示与现在事实相反的假设,主句则表示一种与过去事实相反的设想.

  4.用在wish后的宾语从句中

  这种句子主要表示愿望,that常省略。

  若指现在或将来的愿望,从句用过去时;若指过去没有实现的愿望,从句用过去完成时。

  例如:

  1)I wish I had learned to play chess.(与过去事实相反)

  2)I wish I remembered his address.(与现在事实相反)

  3)I wish he would try again.(对将来情况的假设)

  若wish 后的宾语从句中用would,可以表示请求,通常意味着说话人的不快或不满。

  例如:

  1)I wish you would help us.

  2)I wish you would stop asking such silly questions.

  5.用在if only感叹句中

  当表示“但愿”,“要是…就好”时,它的用法和wish基本相同,只是更富有感情色彩,表示一时很难实现的愿望。

  例如:

  1)If only I knew what you wanted.

  2)If only you hadn’t told him what I said, everything would have been all right.

  6.用在以as if (as though) 引出的方式状语从句中

凡本网注明"稿件来源:星火教育"的所有文字、图片和音视频稿件,版权均属星火教育教育科技集团(含本网和星火教育网) 所有,任何媒体、网站或个人未经本网协议授权不得转载、链接、转贴或以其他任何方式复制、发表。已经本网协议授权的媒体、网站,在下载使用时必须注明"稿件来源:星火教育",违者本网将依法追究法律责任。

本网未注明"稿件来源:星火教育"的文/图等稿件均为转载稿,本网转载仅基于传递更多信息之目的,并不意味着赞同转载稿的观点或证实其内容的真实性。如其他媒体、网站或个人从本网下载使用,必须保留本网注明的"稿件来源",并自负版权等法律责任。如擅自篡改为"稿件来源:星火教育",本网将依法追究法律责任。

如本网转载稿涉及版权等问题,请作者见稿后在两周内速来电与星火教育网联系,电话:4008770068

免费咨询提分热线 400-877-0068 已有10万家长免费咨询 赶紧行动吧!